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Rugs Buying Guide

Machine-Made

HOW MACHINE-MADE RUGS ARE MADE!

  • Our partners import rugs from all over the world, including Egypt, Turkey and India.
  • Made using polypropylene, wool, polyester, viscose, acrylic, and nylon.
  • Wool comes from sheep and sometimes alpacas.
  • Made on power looms using an automated system of bobbins set with coloured yarns. The yarn is fed into jute backing before latex and heat are applied to secure the fibres. The rugs are made in large 4-metre-wide rolls which are quality checked before being cut to size, hand carved and having their edges bound.
Benefits

BENEFITS OF MACHINE-MADE RUGS!

  • Stain repellent – Machine made rugs are often manufactured with synthetic yarns (such as polypropylene and nylon) which do not absorb stains or moisture.
  • Colour Fast – Polypropylene yarn starts life as plastic chips, so the colour is incorporated within the fibre itself. This makes machine made rugs completely colour fast and fade-resistant.
  • Wipe clean – Animal hairs, dust and lint will not cling to the rug fibres, making it easy to vacuum regularly or blot clean if you spill wine or food.
  • Long life span – Machine made rugs are more resilient and hard wearing.
  • Great value – Machine made rugs often cost less than handmade rugs as they can be made faster and have lower manufacturing costs.

HANDMADE

 HOW HANDMADE RUGS ARE MADE

  • Hand Tufted – The design is hand drawn onto graph paper, then printed onto cotton backing cloth. The yarn is dyed in drums and air dried, then the hand tufting begins. The rug is finished by hand-sewing the edges and shearing the surface with scissors or an electric blade.
  • Hand Loomed – The yarn is spun by hand and put onto bobbins, which are then threaded onto the yarn loom. The loom is operated by two people to manually loop the yarn around metal rods. This method only works for plain or striped designs, but is the fastest handmade option.
  • Pit Loom – A horizontal weaving process that allows one weaver to create an entire rug by operating two peddles on the floor and compressing the yarns with their hands. Pit loom rugs are so densely woven they do not need any backing.
  • Punjab Loom – Similar to the pit loom, but upright instead of horizontal, the Punjab loom requires single person use and can be used to create more complex patterns than the pit loom.
  • Hand-knotted – Made on a specialist loom and knotted completely by hand, the rug weaver places lots of carefully knotted pieces of yarn into the foundation of the rug to create the pile. This is a very time-consuming process, so depending on the size of the rug they can take months or even years to make.
  • Table Tufted – Tufted by hand using an electric sewing machine with up to 12 needles. Two people are needed to operate the sewing machine and control the tension of the yarn and foundation.

BENEFITS OF HANDMADE RUGS

  • Individuality – Each rug reflects the rich weaving traditions of the area in which it is made and the specialism of the individual weaver.
  • Wide colour selection – Handmade rugs are available in a wide variety of vibrant and rich colours, patterns and designs, as each yarn is dyed individually.
  • Energy efficient – If your handmade rug is made from wool, it will help to keep your home warmer. Wool is naturally insulating, so it’s warmer in the winter and cooler in the summer, making your home cosier as well as reducing heating bills.
  • Sound insulation – Wool rugs can also reduce sound and help to minimise noise from room to room. The soft pile cushions the impact of footsteps or furniture movement by absorbing and muffling sounds.

MATERIALS

POLYPROPYLENE

Extremely hard wearing, non-shedding, easy cleaning, bleach cleanable. Suitable for a high traffic area. Can be vacuumed or brushed easily. Perfect for a busy modern family. As a man-made fibre, polypropylene can offer an authentic look and good value for money.

WOOL

Wool rugs are created using high quality wool yarns, usually made by hand by skilled craftsmen. Long lasting, retaining vibrancy. They are excellent insulators and retain an authentic look over time, some may say they improve with age. They do require maintenance, and some shedding may occur. If cared for properly they will last and last.

JUTE

Made from eco-friendly plant fibres. Jute is highly versatile, and long lasting. A jute rug will create an instant authentically natural look to a room. They are harder underfoot than other materials, which makes them suitable for heavily used spaces like kitchens and dining rooms. Easy to clean with a brush or nozzle attachment.

POLYESTER

Creates a beautiful sheen to a rug and is easy cleaning. Super soft touch, ideal for any shaggy rug. Works well when mixed with other fibres such as polypropylene. Non-Shedding. and stain resistant, polyester is ideal for busy areas within the home.

VISCOSE

Viscose bring the ultimate luxury to the home, creating a beautiful super soft silk effect. Works perfectly when mixed with natural fibre rugs to add a soft sheen. Similarly, viscose can also work well on its own, however it is better suited to a low traffic area due to having low stain resistance.

COTTON

Cotton is a soft, affordable alternative to a natural fibre rug like sisal or jute. Usually made into flatweaves for added durability. They are easy cleaning, and perfect for high traffic areas. Will usually require an anti-slip rug grip. Not as hardwearing as a natural fibre rug, but cost effective for a space short term.

NYLON

Very durable, easy cleaning and non-shedding Is a lower quality product so does feel more lightweight than other materials. Can often be machine washable, so an excellent rug to use as a playmat for children.

COWHIDE

These rugs make excellent statement rugs. Featuring interesting modern designs, they offer a stylish way to accentuate a laminate floor with a rug that is cushioned enough to be comfortable underfoot.

SHEEPSKIN

These rugs feature a long, silky surface and are extremely comfortable when used in a living room or bedroom environment. Our sheepskin rugs also have a straight edge so you can place them together for larger spaces.

TECHNIQUES

HAND KNOTTED
Hand knotted rugs are composed of thou- sands of individual knots, the yarn is knotted around the warp and weft of the rug. The size of the knot determines the complexity and ultimately the quality of the rug, with the smallest knots creating the finer patterns. Each rug is completely individual, which is down to the skill and technique of the weaver, and the complexity of the pattern. 

HAND TUFTED
Hand tufted rugs are more affordable than hand knotted rugs, and still offer a great value product that will last for years to come. Created using a tufting gun, which punches pieces of yarn through to a stretched canvas backing. The weaver pencils out the design onto the backing, which allows for the rugs to be produced efficiently.

HANDLOOMED
Handloomed rugs are excellently affordable, simple and high quality. These rugs are created on a loom with a shuttle, many textures and col- ours can be finely applied to a handloomed rug. The technique does lend itself well to plain rugs.

FLATWEAVE
Flatwoven rugs can be both hand and ma- chine made, and crafted in a variety of materials from wool to polypropylene. Flatwoven rugs are highly durable due to having no pile, resulting in no protruding threads. Perfect for high traffic areas throughout the home.

MACHINE WOVEN
Machine woven rugs are highly affordable, and excellent for everyday use Generally constructed from manmade fibres such as pol- yester, and polypropylene they are non-shedding, easy to clean and stain resistant. As the designs are made using computer software, a large variation of styles and colours can be produced.

SIZE GUIDE

There is no place like home

Rugs Guide
Buy the right sized rug for your space

Do you want to fill the floor or define or zone a space within it?

An open-plan living room/playroom/ dining room setup can be subtly subdivided with three different designs or textures of rug. These should tone in with or complement one another so they don’t battle for attention.

Living Room

Dining Room

Bedroom

Care Instructions

Once you’ve got your rug home and are happy with the layout, it’s important to remember to look after it. Sure, most rugs may be designed and crafted to be hardwearing, however, like any piece of furniture they still need a bit of TLC once in a while.

Top Tops
  • Quick turnaround: insects such as moths love gorging on natural fibres and are thus natural enemies of your rug, while over time long exposure to natural sunlight can also lead to colour fading. To protect against the elements, lift and turn your rug every 6 or so months - especially if any part is under furniture.

  • Safeguard: when arranging your furniture, it is wise to have some sort of protection under the legs to prevent the carpet fibres from being crushed. Also try to avoid sharp castors or narrow legs and move furniture the around from time to time to prevent nasty looking indents on the surface of the rug.

  • Slip-up: if your rug is to be laid straight onto a smooth surface such as tiles or wooden flooring it is advised that a rug underlay is used to prevent the rug from slipping when walked across. In certain circumstances, deep coloured dyes may also transfer to the flooring beneath and therefore require a rug hold underlay for added protection.

  • Stop the rot: never lay a rug on a damp floor as overtime the wet can lead to rot. If any such problem does arise, seek professional help in cleaning the rug.

Cleaning Instructions

If your chosen rug specifies ‘specialist clean only’ we recommend you leave any stain and seek a specialist cleaning service at your earliest convenience. This will minimise any further damage to the colour, shape and finish of your rug. However, if our care instructions on your chosen rug don’t specify ‘specialist clean only’

Top Tips
  • Loose ends: on a new woollen rug it is normal to find loose fibres that will eventually malt, however, avoid excessively vacuuming your rug otherwise you could cause undue shedding (especially those with a longer or looser pile).

  • Shake and vac: an effective way to routinely clean your rug is to simply beat with a wooden pole to loosen any ground in dirt before brushing or lightly vacuuming away.

  • Problem stains: any spillage of food or drink will require immediate attention. If your rug is made from a hardwearing material like jute, sisal or is a flatweave, simply moisten a cotton cloth with cold water, wring out and lay on the stain before leaving to dry. If your rug is made from a more delicate material, like viscose or velvet, we would suggest arranging a visit from a specialist cleaning service as soon as possible.